It stands as Hannibal’s greatest victory and Rome’s greatest defeat. The Battle of Cannae (/ ˈ k æ n i / or / ˈ k æ n eɪ /) was a major battle of the Second Punic War.It took place on 2 August 216 BC in Cannae, Apulia, in southeast Italy.The army of Carthage, under Hannibal, defeated a larger Roman army. The Battle of Cannae was a battle that took place in 1018 between the Byzantines under the Catepan of Italy Basil Boioannes and the Lombards under Melus of Bari. Cannae Battlefield marks the site of the famous Battle of Cannae, fought in 216 BC between Hannibal of Carthage and a huge Roman army led by Consuls Varro and Paullus. Introduction Fabius Maximus the dictator had bought time for the Romans. The battle of Cannae was an almost perfect tactical victory for Hannibal Barca. In the spring of 216 two new consuls were elected. The battle of Cannae happened two years into the Second Punic War, it was preceded by a number of stunning victories for Hannibal. About Cannae Battlefield. To put things into perspective, the Battle of Cannae (216 BC), contested between the ancient Mediterranean powerhouses of Rome and Carthage, is usually considered as a particularly bloody episode – which had (possibly) resulted in the highest loss of human life in a single day in any battle recorded in history. Battle of Cannae. Instead of loosing battles against the cunning Hannibal Barca, he made it difficult for the Carthaginian to forage. Facing a Roman army almost twice the size on a level field, Hannibal was able to efficiently command a force that stretched well over a mile and secure a dominating victory. One flaw of the legions present at Cannae was a lack of training. However, not even this massive loss of life stopped the Roman war machine from losing the battle but winning the war. Cannae illustrates both the need for caution and the usefulness of avoiding battle if the situation so warrants it, as well as the desirability for a total battle of annihilation if that can be had. The Lombards had also hired some Norman cavalry mercenaries under their leader Gilbert Buatère, while Boioannes had a detachment of elite Varangian Guard sent to him at his request to combat the Normans. The Romans were led by the consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro. Generals often positioned themselves with the cavalry. Having come over the Alps the poorer for the crossing Hannibal needed time to rest and to try and recruit men to replace those who had deserted during the crossing. In all a well-trained legion was a formidable unit led by trained leaders, the entire force steeped in the militaristic Roman tradition. They were hastily raised and sent into battle before they could be seasoned. 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